Thursday, 16th June 2022
Literature-In-English 2 (Prose) 09:30am – 10:45am
Literature-In-English 1 (Objective) 10:45am – 11:45am
Literature-In-English 3 (Drama & Poetry) 2:00pm – 4:30pm
2022 WAEC LITERATURE IN ENGLISH PROSE, OBJECTIVE, DRAMA AND POETRY ANSWERS
INSTRUCTION: Answer Four Questions in All, One Question From Each Section. Develop not Fewer than Five Points in Your Answers.
Answer One Question From This Section.
The attitude of men towards the women can be seen in explores the spate of betrayal, cheap blackmail, and deceit, and this is seen in the characters of Lamboi, Musa and other people in Yoko’s chiefdom. For instance, for fear of a woman assuming the enviable post in Senehun, Lamboi, that is, Yoko’s blood brother connives with Musa, the seer and medicine man to kill chief Gbanya when it is quite apparent that he might pass the power to his wife. Yoko Lamboi, therefore, instructs Musa to do it and when he refuses. Lamboi threatened to expose Musa’s past dirty secret which has to do with his killing of Yattah’s son and Mama Kidi’s daughter.
The thought of being exposed to the general public propels Musa, therefore, betrays the chief and the entire community because as a seer, he has a priest-like role to play as one who is supposed to protect the land and Gbanya, the chief of Senehun.
However, Musa continues in his wicked ways with his partner in crime, Lamboi. This time, Yoko next plan is not only to make Moyamba ungovernable for Yoko but also to implicate her and turn the people against her. To achieve this, Lamboi connives with Musa to kidnap and kill Ndapi and Jilo’s daughter. And when it is done, both will stir the women and others to rebel against the Queen. The people would be reliably informed that Yoko used her as a sacrifice to acquire more powers so that the Governor will be at her beck and calls and her, reign will be rendered useless and destabilized. This singular act of betrayal contributes to what leads Yoko to commit suicide because she feels betrayed by her own blood brother when she finds out through the divination of Gbeni.
Gbanya is the chief of Senehun and ruler of Mende Chiefdom, husband of Madam Yoko. He assumes the office when it becomes clear that the British people still pilot the affairs of the kingdom. As a peace lover, he endeavors to do everything not to incur the wrath of the Governor, the sole representative of her Imperial Majesty, since they still monitor the activities of the African communities at that time. But could not escape being humiliated by Samuel Rowe, the Governor who orders soldiers to stretch Gbanya out on the ground, thereby humiliating him in the presence of his people in the courtyard.
Also, Gbanya does not know how to keep a promise. He could not keep to the promised he made to Yoko to pass the chiefdom into her hands “Remember you made a promised a long time ago that at the time of your death the chiefdom passes into my hands” Gbanya also reminds her that at the time of meeting that promise, he never knew that war would be ravaging this land because enemies are bent on wiping his people out and if Senehun must survive a man must lead her.
Gbanya dies on the day of the Governor’s visit Lamboi, and Musa conspires to poison him for fear of passing the chiefdom to a mere woman, Yoko. Before then, he foresees his own death long before Rowe’s visit.
The play explores the contrast of tradition and modernity in the wake of early colonialism which is the primary conflict in the play. The tradition in question is the Yoruba customs against a western conception of progress and modernity as represented by the conflict between Baroka and Lakunle for Sidi’s hand in marriage. Lakunle who represents the modern Nigerian man, wears Western clothing, speaks and behaves like an English man, and has been educated in a presumably British school. His supreme desire is to turn llunjunle into a modern paradise like the city of Lagos. He actively despises the traditional customs of his village and the people who pledge support to them. This is best exemplified when Lakunle refuses to pay Sidi’s bride price.
He goes further to call the tradition that demands the payment of bride price “an ignoble customs, infamous, ignominy / sharing our heritage before the world” and “to pay the price would be / to buy a heifer off the market stall / you’d be my chattel, my mere property” This means that Lakunle attributes such act to a mere process of buying and selling of goods and commodities which is contrary to his western idea about marriage. Lakunle’s refusal means that it is much more important to convert Sidi to his way of thinking, views, and ideas into a “modern wife”, than it is to marry her. “In a year or two / You will have machines which will do / without it getting in your eyes” Lakunle intends to transform and change the tradition and roles ascribed to African women which are contrary to his western beliefs and that is why he says, “Sidi, I do not seek a wife / To fetch and carry / To cook and scrub / To bring forth children by the gross; I seek a life-companion”
However, Baroka on the other hand is an ant-modernist and his extreme desire is to preserve the village’s traditional way of life. Lakunle who finds Baroka’s lifestyle and views archaic, also describes how Baroka paid off a surveyor not to construct train tracks through the outskirts of llunjunle, thereby preventing the village from experiencing the modern world. Also, Baroka clearly demonstrates that he does not hate modernity or progress, and he does not want it imposed on him or bend the village’s way of life all in the name of civilization and modernity. Baroka wishes to add Sidi to his many wives which are fully accepted by the custom of the land, while Lakunle dreams of one wife according to the dictate of western culture. According to the tradition, when Baroka dies, Sidi will become the head wife of the new Bale, a position that would make her one of the most powerful women in llunjunle. As soon as she realizes that the idea of modern marriage may make her less powerful with the fewer rights she opts for traditional marriage. In the end, Baroka triumphs in the fight for Sidi’s hand in marriage. This shows African ways of life are still a lot more supreme than the western culture that appears more complex, complicated, and incomprehensible.
The play examines the clash of two distinct cultures that is the conflict between African and European customs or ways of life as it’s Traditional with modernity Baroka who is the proponent of traditional culture tries hard to prevent the advent of western civilization and foreign values into llunjunle as the selfish Baroka bribes the surveyor to divert the railway track away from llunjunle, thereby foiling the intending progress in the village. This clash is also seen when the stranger from Lagos, (Photo Journalist), the seat of western civilization, makes the indigenous culture less attractive as he causes a stir during his visit to llunjunle. The people describe his camera as a “one-eyed box” and his motor car as “the devil’s own horse”. The photographs on the cover page and inside of Lagos Man’s Magazine boosts Sidi’s ego and this almost makes her overlook her union with Baroka, for she begins to attract more importance to her growing fame.
Play-within-a play is one of the device commonly employed by playwrights in which the characters of a play perform brief dramatic sketches in the course of the play. In this play, it is used as a form of flashback in “The dance of the lost traveler” to enact the experience of the Lagos visitor. Through the play, the audience gains an insight into the ordeal of the Lagos visitor during his first visit who has problems with his car and has to abandon it to continue his exploration on foot.
The second play is dramatized to illustrate how Baroka bribes the surveyor to divert the railway track from llunjunle.
The third play is called “The dance of virility employed to mock Baroka which involves a combination of music, mime, and movement meant to entertain the characters themselves.
Answer One Question From This Section.
Jimmy attacks Alison both verbally and physically throughout the play since his wife reminds him of everything he despises from the beginning. Jimmy verbally attacks Alison and her family members because he wants her to answer a question about an article in the newspaper but Alison defends that she has not read it yet. He humiliates and attacks Alison and her brother, Nigel.
Contrary to Jimmy, Alison does not give any direct reaction against Jimmy’s aggressive behavior. She prefers to maintain silence. She knows that if she gives any reaction to his attack, he will be triumphant. Alison’s silence and seeming ignorance can also be considered as a weapon in order to save her from Jimmy’s assaults. Jimmy not only attack Alison but also other members of her family and her friends. He calls her parents “Militant, arrogant and full of malice”
He labels her friends “sycophantic phlegmatic and of course, top of the bill pusillanimous.
Jimmy also hates Alison’s mother because she is dedicated to her middle classrooms and her concern about her daughter marrying a man beneath her social status that she even hire a detective to watch Jimmy because he does not trust him. This makes him angry at middle-class value. He therefore calls Alison’s mum “old bitch” and she should be dead.
Consequently, Jimmy’s anger against every member of the play can be attributed to his rough and thorny background and his loss of childhood. Jimmy is frail and insecure because he says he was exposed to death, loneliness and pain at a very early age.
Troy whose income cannot even settle his family’s need is busying dragging the family name on the mire.
So, Troy struggles to fulfill his role as a father to his son and husband to his wife. He does not do much before his demise. The family he ruled with Iron hand or hard-handedness is torn apart, as his son; Cory turns against him and also becomes a rebel. After leveling serious criticism on how Troy tormented his life and dreams for a better future, he vows not to attend his funeral.
Cory laments bitterly, Troy’s adulterous act with Alberta also contributes to Troy’s backwardness and family disintegration. The nature of trust between Rose and Troy is broken here, because Rose has vowed never to have anything to do with Troy, especially when the news about Alberta’s pregnancy for “Troy filters in.
To further demonstrate that Rose is an embodiment of unity and family’s rebirth, she tries to convince Cory not to speak despicably against his dead father and to assure him that Troy means well for the family, “Your daddy wanted you to be everything he wasn’t… and at the same time he tried to make you everything he was… he meant to do more good than he meant to do harm” Rose cautions Cory. Troy also sees Rose as a good woman capable of uniting the family when he says…
Also, Rose forgives Troy and accepts to bring up Raynell, that is, the illegitimate daughter of Troy and Alberta who died shortly after child birth in order to promote peace harmony and family integration in Maxsons.
Gabriel or Gabe is Troy’s brother who is mentally imbalance. He was injured in the Second World War, where he received a head injury that required a metal plate to be surgically implanted into his head. He’s given a cheque from the government, the part which Troy used to buy the Maxson’s home which is the setting of the play. Gabriel provided some comic relief when wanders around the neighborhood carrying a basket and singing. He sees himself as angel Gabriel who opens the gates of heaven with his trumpet for Saint Peter on Judgment Day.
However, just before the play begins, Gabriel has moved out to live with a lady named Miss. Pearl, Troy who is afraid that he will no longer get Gabe’s disability cheque commits him to a mental hospital and continues to receive half of Gabe’s cheque.
Answer One Question From This Section.
The poem addresses the problem of leadership crisis in Africa and the lingering problem of endless search for credible and transparent leader who is brave, courageous, fearless and compassionate and our inability to find any because of lack of trust. In the poem, the animals in the forest don’t trust one another to take up the leadership role of the animal kingdom. “When the zebra says it’s his right to lead/the pack points to the duplicity of his stripes”. “The elephant trudges into power tussle/but its colleagues dread his trampling feet”… Zebra and elephant therefore are not fit enough to rule because they lack good leadership quality despite the fact that facially, they are qualified.
However, it is the same with the African masses who do not trust one another to take over the leadership role of the country. This lack of trust is caused by religious and ethnic diversity wherein an Hausa man prefers to vote or bequeath power to his fellow brother irrespective of the leadership quality possessed by the person, while the Ibo man thinks that it is only his brother who is a Christian and Ibo by tribe, is the only person that is able and capable to lead.
Also, the lion who is the king of the jungle feels that he is competent enough to lead, but the antelope who is a faithful follower remembers his ferocious (violent) nature and how he unleashes it on the weaker animals, he changes his mind towards him. Even hyena and giraffe cannot lead because they are not only visionless but also lack trust.
It is quite evident in this poem and it is responsible for underdevelopment not only in Africa but also in Nigeria. In the poem, the animals are not united enough to challenge the lion who “…stakes his claim to leadership of the pack”. His dominance and ability to lord it over and subdue other animals cannot be properly put to check because the led, that is, the followers, don’t have one voice and cannot also alter their situation. Hyena says he is qualified and credible enough to take the animal kingdom to the next level, but impalas say, he cannot, because of his deadly appetite for dead animal meats. The animals are at one another’s neck as they just can’t agree on whom to choose to lead them. This lack of unity and spirit of oneness among the animals can be likening to the disunity among the African leaders and the masses. This is largely because of the religious and ethnic diversity of the masses, which is responsible for their inability to pick any qualified person among them to rule and team up against the ruling class and wrestle power from them.
Towards the ending of the poem, the persona tries to suggest the likely solution to the problem of disunity among our leaders. “A good leader should be “tough like a tiger, compassionate like a doe / transparent like a river, mysterious like a lake”. With the above-mentioned attribute, a leader can cause a change and unity to strive among the people.
Answer One Question From This Section.
The general mood of the persona atmosphere of the poem is relaxed and hopeful. and the poet’s attitude towards the subject matter which is love is passionate and optimistic of his relationship with his love.
At the beginning of the poem, the poet laments bitterly the life he led before he met his present love because he sees it as a waste of effort, time and energy. He describes such needless experience as childish and mere play. His past love (relationship) cannot be considered to be genuine since he was completely unaware of himself when the love was consummated. The union in question is self-sufficient and perfect than hemispheres; for it makes the lovers immortal.
It probably assumed that the persona’s former love life was in shambles and full of deceit compared to the new found love which is more perfect than life itself. The poet therefore goes further to compare himself and his beloved with the use of conceit; farfetched metaphor of “Seven sleepers den” to express that their entire life was nothing more than unconscious and meaningless life. Had they enjoy any fort of pleasures and joy, those were nothing but figment of imagination. The poet opens up his heart in the praise of his beloved “If ever any beauty I did see; which I desired, and got it’ was but a dream of thee”.
The theme of regret is shown in the experience of the magi and the opposite view of what they expected of the journey.
The journey embarked by the then wise men is not without a lot of difficulties, before they got to Bethlehem, the birth place of Jesus Christ. At the beginning of the poem we learn that the journey falls into bad season, during harsh cold weather.
The journey was not only far and tiresome, but also frustrating because the feet of the camel were swollen as the wise men also resort to grumbling. Cursing and murmuring. The ugly experience of the journey also makes them start thinking about their comfortable homes as their servants and women are always at their beck and call. Some other frustrations encountered by the three wise men include: lack of accommodation and the cities they lodged in was hostile and unfriendly and they also charged exorbitant prices for their goods and services. They are constantly reminded by their inner voices and the people around that the journey is a mere waste of time “That this was all folly”.
They thought that they were going to witness a birth, but what the ultimately saw was a death— He says that, rationally, they had evidence of a birth. But the emotional feeling was of the opposite. So he struggles with the paradox at the heart of the experience.
Keep Inviting your Friends And Classmates to Myexamcode.Net
We remain your favorite Website.
Ensure you Subscribe for your next paper.
INSTRUCTION: Answer Two Questions in All: One Question From Each Section.
Instruction: Answer One Question Only From This Section.
Nweze is the first lawyer in Ibuza, and everyone admires him because he’s someone who has tasted what civilization looks like. This time, the people are set to welcome him home. The women of Ibuza are busy composing and rehearsing songs to welcome him from Wharf. Upon his arrival, it is noticeable that he could not swallow pounded yam anymore, he could not even eat a piece of bone. “The meat they cooked for him has to be stewed for days until it was almost a pulp” One good thing that the people respect him for is the fact that he did not bring a white woman with him like the rest been-to. All Pa’s friends agree with him that he’s a good man because if he had brought a white woman to Ibuza Oboshi would have sent leprosy on the woman.
Lawyer Nweze is a source of inspiration and motivation for Adah. His personality sparks fire that propels. Adah wants to go to the United Kingdom one day, and she keeps the dream to herself, but her dreams soon assume substance. It lives with her, just like a presence. Adah, as a child, likes to be associated with Lawyer Nweze. She even claims to her schoolmates that Lawyer Nweze is her cousin. It is Lawyer Nweze’s story that gives Adah the inspiration to dream of travelling to the United Kingdom one day.
The Ibuza women in Lagos are preparing to welcome Lawyer Nweze back to Nigeria after successfully earning a law degree in the United Kingdom. Humour is one of the aspects of language and style in this novel. An instance is seen in the expression, Going to the United Kingdom must surely be like paying God a visit.
A case of onomatopoeia is seen in the word ‘United Kingdom’ being made to sound like a bomb. Lawyer Nweze is held in awe by the people. He is the first man of Ibuza to have a law degree and from a foreign country. The women have to perm their hair to look European in preparation for the reception. This suggests the influence of western culture on Africans, which is a major consequence of colonisation.
In Second-Class Citizen, Adah and Francis are alike in that at the beginning of the novel, they are both poor students. In nearly every other way, however, they are opposites, for Adah is strong and determined to make a better life and takes active steps toward doing so while Francis denies his responsibilities and is weak, lazy, controlling, and abusive.
When Adah and Francis marry, both of them are students, and both of them are poor. Francis cannot even pay Adah’s bride price, yet she chooses him anyway, hoping to have some stability in her life so she can continue her education.
However, Adah and Francis turn out to be two completely different people with different goals and personalities. Adah is a strong woman with deep and lasting dreams and a determination to achieve them at all costs. She struggles greatly, but she keeps on going, working and caring for her children the best she can. She tries to make her life better, finding jobs she enjoys and pursuing her writing. Adah tends to be both optimistic and realistic. While she hopes her life will get better, she takes active steps to make it do so.
Francis is just the opposite of Adah. He is weak and lazy. Instead of valuing the educational opportunities, he has been given, he fails his exams. Then he blames Adah for his failures. When he has to go to work, Francis complains mightily, accusing Adah of being lazy even when she is recovering from giving birth. Francis is also controlling and abusive. Even though Adah earns most of the family’s money, Francis considers it his. He also beats Adah physically and attacks her emotionally. He burns his wife’s manuscript, too, out of spite and jealousy.
In the end, Francis refuses to even take responsibility for his children. He denies that they are his and burns the paperwork that proves they are.
Nii decides to take his wife, Massa to the spiritualist home as her sickness persists. The caring powder from the spiritualist only stopped the frequent stooling. The journey to the village is quite tempestuous and tiresome. Massa on her part could not make the journey and she passes out in the vehicle. Nii pleads with the driver to convey them to a nearby hospital for medical attention all to no avail. On getting there, Nii is ushered into an office to pay for service at the hospital mortuary. He is to pay the sum of one hundred cedi for each day and it must be increased if the corpse is kept at the mortuary for more than three days Nii’s mind is occupied with so many things such as; the cost of transporting the corpse, the cost of burial, the coffin, clothing and drinks. Nii left the dead body of massa and traveled.
Mama and Joe haven traced Massa to be the late wife of the brother they both convey Massa’s corpse to Sampa village for burial. The procession to the cemetery is a pleasant one. The people in the town gave them warm welcome and appreciate their efforts in bringing Massa’s dead body home. Mama learnt one thing about Massa, she had been an adopted child and had not visited the village for a long time.
It was at the point, they massa was given a befitting burial.
Instruction: Answer One Question Only From This Section.
The narrator’s encounter with Kimbro is seen at the liberty paint plant.
The narrator’s entrance to the paint plant is uneventful as he must cross a bridge in the fog, implying that, he is unable to see out around him. The narrator is sent to Mr. Kimbro who will serve as his boss. This man dishes out instructions and also asks the workers not to ask questions. The narrator’s first job is with the pure white paint the company is known for. When the narrator mixes the wrong ingredient into the paint because he is afraid to ask Kimbro questions, the paint turns a dull grey underneath the white. Kimbro notices the difference and he’s fired from the job and he’s sent to another Boss, Mr. Brockway, who has a position in the basement as a sort of engineer. Brockway bombards the narrator with numerous questions about his past before he gives him a job.
It was after the sacked of the Narrator by Kimbro that he had another bad encounter with his new boss and it was at the point of explanation that the new Boss Brockway who explodes in anger at his participation in a union. Brockway physically attacks him, refusing to listen to his explanation. The narrator becomes enraged and fights off Mr. Brockway, knocking his teeth out. As a result of inattention to the gauges in the room, the pressure goes over the allotted mark, the narrator tries to pull the value back under control all to no avail. The tank bursts and the narrator is knocked unconscious.
Ras the Extort er (later called Ras the Destroyer)
Ras is a Black Nationalist agitator who considers the black men of the communist party traitors to their race because they are still acting as the white men’s puppets. Ras is an Ethiopia name which means Prince and he is obsessed with the idea of race. As a charismatic leader, he has a kind of God like power in the novel. His guiding philosophy is that blacks should cast off oppression and prejudice by destroying the ability of white men to control them. This philosophy leads to violence and the narrator is opposed to such ideology. The novelist has not in any way portrayed Ras as a villain.
He is depicted as a West Indian and has reminded us of Marcus Garvey, a Jamaican born Black. Nationalist who was influential in 1920s. Like Ras Garvey was a charismatic racial separatist who advocated black pride. Ras is also a visionary leader and a prophet. But because Ras is black, he is perceived as a dangerous militant and rabble-muser whose voice must be silenced. He also possesses powerful oratory skills – he nearly convinces Brother Clifton that he has joined the wrong “Brotherhood” and is selling his people which eventually leads to tragic consequences.
Ras has called his followers to Iynach the narrator as a traitor to the black people and to hang him among the mannequins. But Ras yearns for the narrator’s death, and the narrator runs away.
Res, though a black but he plays a good role in criticizing the odd and wrong done by the blacks to their fellow blacks and thereby trying to promote some good nature and belief of the white.
Lockwood visits Wuthering Heights again when he became dissatisfied with the household activities done at Grange. This time the weather is cold and ground frozen. He yells at the servant, Joseph to open the door. He meets a young girl in the kitchen and he assumes the lady to be Mrs, Heathcliff. He tries to engage her in a conversation, but she is consistently inhospitable and this embarrasses Lockwood. The lady refuses to make him tea unless Heathcliff orders her to do so. The young man presents too, behaves rudely as he seems to suspect Lockwood making advances at the girl.
When Heathcliff enters and demands tea “savagely” and Lockwood is rudely corrected for mistaking the young girl for Heathcliff’s wife. The girl in question is Heathcliff’s daughter-in-law whose husband is dead. The young man is Hareton Earnshaw. Lockwood requests a guide so he can return home safely, but he’s refused. He is left stranded and ignored by all and when he tries to take a lantern, Joseph accuses him of stealing it, and he sets dogs on him. Hareton and Heathcliff laugh at his humiliation. Then the cook Zillah takes him in and allows him to pass a night
It was on a later visit by Lockwood to withering highly that provides foreshadowing for the end of the novel. Lockwood takes a trip to Wuthering Heights and delivers a note from Ellen to Cathy. Hareton take the note at first but noticing Cathy’s tears, she returns it to her. She in turn treats him coolly and makes fun of his attempt at reading. Embarrassed, Hareton flings his book into the fire.
This is something Heathcliff did not foresee and seem to disturb him. In addition to his memories of his lost love, Heathcliff must also deal with Hareton’s resemblance to his aunt Catherine. These memories worry Heathcliff greatly.
In the novel Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte, Cathy Linton and Hareton Earnshaw are part of the second generation of residents at Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange.
Cathy’s mother is Catherine Earnshaw. Hareton’s father is Hindley Earnshaw.
Catherine and Hindley Earnshaw are siblings that first lived at Wuthering Heights with their parents.
Cathy Linton is the daughter of Catherine and Edgar Linton. Hareton Earnshaw is the son of Hindley Earnshaw and Isabella Linton. Hareton has been raised by Heathcliff and treated as a servant since his father died. Heathcliff also has a son, Linton, who has lived with him since Linton’s mother, Isabella, who is also Edgar’s sister, passed away.
Cathy is first introduced to Hareton when she travels to Wuthering Heights to visit her cousin, Linton. When she sees Hareton, she assumes he is a stable boy and begins to order him around.
Cathy and Hareton have fallen in love at the end of Wuthering Heights. Their relationship mirrors almost identically the love Catherine Earnshaw and Heathcliff once shared.
Cathy and Hareton have developed a strong, loving relationship, and will undoubtedly soon be married.
Although Cathy has long scorned Hareton, she finally relents, making overtures of friendship and offering to teach him to read. Hareton, indignant that she blames their past enmity on him, at first rebuffs her, but he soon softens, and the cousins establish an amiable truce which quickly develops into something deeper.
The two overcome their biggest obstacle when Hareton forbids Cathy to speak ill of Heathcliff, and Cathy, with a growing maturity based on love, decides it would only be cruel to persist in trying to make Hareton see that Heathcliff has treated him abominably, realizing that “he was attached by ties stronger than reason could break”.
As she watches Hareton and Cathy huddle like innocent, happy children over a book in Chapter 32, Nelly relates that their “intimacy thus commenced grew rapidly…both minds tending to the same point – one loving and desiring to esteem, and the other loving and desiring to be esteemed – they contrived in the end to reach it”. She sees their eventual union as inevitable, calling it will be “the crown of all my wishes”.
Check Questions Below…
Keep Inviting your Friends And Classmates to Myexamcode.Net
CLICK HERE TO JOIN US ON TELEGRAM